- Rest and correct posture: Taking a break from work gives the much needed rest and time for healing of the knee tissue. Initial rest prevents further damage of the knee tissue. Prolonged hours of sitting causes joint stiffness. Frequent changing of the position of the legs is recommended. The best way to sit is to sit with stretched out legs. Sitting in awkward position strains the knee muscle. Comfortable chairs with strong back support and arm rest are preferable than wobbly furniture. Kneeling further aggravates the knee pain.
- Ice therapy: Ice is the best agent that reduces swelling and pain. Ice wrapped in a cloth is safe and therapeutic. A word of caution – ice should not be used for more than 15-20 minutes as it may damage the skin and nerves.
- Compression bandage: Skin friendly, light weight compression bandages can be used to avoid further damage to the knee tissue. These bandages can be tied tightly to render support to the knee and should not interfere with regular blood supply.
- Legs propped up: Knee swelling can be controlled by propping up the legs on pillows.
- Stretching and physiotherapy: Continuous immobility can sometimes be more harmful. Stretching exercises strengthen the knee muscles and a daily bout of such activity helps build strong knees. Physiotherapy is given to some to restore regular knee movement.
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